Population: 5.9 million
Not to be confused with Turkey, Turkmenistan is nestled along the Caspian Sea. Its national dish, pilav, is exactly what its name suggests: rice pilaf.
Rice is cooked in a broth or butter and enhanced with spices, vegetables, dried fruit and/or meats — it really can be whatever a chef desires, although in Turkmenistan it consists of lamb, onions and carrots.
And yes, as it turns out those in Turkey love it, too.
Other names: Pilaf, Pilau, Plov, Pilaw