Situated on the border between Ontario, Canada and the state of New York is Niagara Falls. The falls are separated into three parts by Goat Island and Luna Island. On the Canadian side is Horseshoe Falls, the largest of the three. On the New York side are Bridal Veil Falls and, fittingly, American Falls. Each features impressive heights averaging 185-190 feet.
But it's not the height of Niagara Falls that makes it so impressive — it's the amount of water, some 169 million liters per minute, that flows from it. Niagara Falls is also known for its clear water, which is free of sediment. However, nearly 60 tons of dissolved minerals sweep over the falls every minute.
To get the best views of Niagara Falls, head to Queen Victoria Park in Canada or Prospect Point at the edge of American Falls in New York. Rainbow Bridge, which spans the Niagara gorge downstream from Prospect Point, offers an ideal view as well.
Cave of the Winds tours are also available, which take visitors 175 feet down an elevator to the Niagara gorge, where they walk along the "Hurricane Deck," just feet from Bridal Veil Falls. You won't get any closer to Niagara Falls than this.