The giant blocks of stone called the Trilithon that make up the base of this Roman temple in Baalbek, Lebanon remain a great mystery of the ancient world despite over 100 years of study by archaeologists.
What was the purpose of the temple, and why were such large stones used for its foundation? No one knows for sure.
There are 25 stones underneath the ruins that each weigh 450 tons, and three that clock in at a massive 1,000 tons each. By comparison, the blocks used for the Great Pyramid of Giza weigh 80 tons each. So how were the Jupiter stones transported to the site, since their quarry is located a quarter-mile away? That might forever remain a mystery.
And speaking of the quarry, the largest cut piece of stone in the world, weighing 1,200 tons, still sits there resting at an angle and attached at the bottom as if it were about to be cut free and hauled to the temple.
Explanations for the blocks’ transport are that, like the Egyptian pyramids, a system of pulleys, ramps and rollers were used to get them to the temple site. The problem with this explanation is that the temple sits atop a hill, which would make the feat even more outrageously difficult.