Throughout his artistic career, famed French painter, sculptor and teacher Jean-Léon Gérôme traveled extensively to The Orient or, as we know it today, the Middle East. In 1868, while in Egypt, Gérôme visited the Mosque of Amr, a spectacular holy monument dating back to 642 AD.
Unfortunately, at the time, the mosque was abandoned, but through sketches, photographs and the help of his imagination, Gérôme was able to complete "Prayer in the Mosque," an oil painting depicting a cinematic scene of "rows of worshipers, ranging from the dignitary and his attendants to the loincloth-clad Muslim holy man," turned towards Mecca during daily prayers.
Gérôme published the painting in 1871 after returning from Egypt. Today, the original "Prayer in the Mosque" is available for viewing at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.